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Scales


LESSON 5


P.5 

AIM:

 To understand, explore and use SCALES

What is a SCALE?

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A SCALE is a stepwise sequence of notes
that belong to a particular KEY.

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The SCALE climbs up or down the ladder 
of musical pitches, from the TONIC note
(or 'at home' note) to the same note an
OCTAVE away.

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Each letter of the Musical Alphabet is used
in order, without missing or repeating any,
apart from the OCTAVE. 
(We will learn about some special scales later, which might miss 
or repeat a note, but for now, don't miss or repeat any.)

 C  D  E  F  G  A  B 

C   8  an OCTAVE higher
B   7  
A   6  
G   5  
F   4  
E   3  
D   2  
C   1  
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There are EIGHT steps in common scales.
Climb up the steps with your mouse.
(Click to hear the sound)









Playing a Scale

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Experiment with different scales using
the white notes of the Piano. 
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Start on any note
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Play each note ONCE

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in ORDER

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until you reach the same
note you started on, an
OCTAVE away.

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Try A to A, or G to G, or C to C

 
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These SCALES will all sound slightly
different. They are all SCALES, but
have different INTERVALS (which we'll
learn later) which make them sound
different.

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Of all the scales you played on the
white notes, which one did you like
the most?

Scales in Melodies

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SCALES or parts of SCALES are used in
MELODIES (Tunes). e.g. 'Joy to the World'.
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Try playing the white notes only
of the Piano, going DOWN (from R to L),
without missing any, from 'C' to 'C'. 
Think about the tune of 'Joy to the 
World' and copy it's rhythm.

 C    B  A G      F E   D   

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Did that sound like the tune you know?

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Click here to check if you were right.

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You have just played: 
The SCALE of 'C Major' descending 
(going down).

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Now try playing it UP the scale, using
the same rhythm.

 C    D  E F      G A   B   

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Click here to check if you were right.

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You have just played:
The SCALE of 'C Major' ascending 
(going up, C D E F G A B C).

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Just for fun, you could click here for
the DOWN scale again, and play the 
UP scale with it.

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Then, click here for the UP scale,
and you play the DOWN one with it.

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Click here to see if your version was
like this one.

       

 

Click to turn the page

_______
INDEX
_______

Up
Notes
Keyboard
Reading Drills
Treble Clef
Bass Clef
Scales
Triads
Primary Triads
Circle of 5th
12 Bar Progression
Sevenths
Improvisation
Song Writing
Audio Help

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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